test method may not apply to samples with ASTM color higher than cloud point, n—in petroleum products and biodiesel This standard does not. Download/Embed scientific diagram | ASTM-D Cloud Point Test Apparatus from publication: Cloud Point and Wax Deposition Measurement Techniques. In the petroleum industry, cloud point refers to the temperature below which wax in diesel or ASTM D, Standard Test Method of Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Constant Cooling Rate Method) is an The D test method determines the cloud point in a shorter period of time than manual method D .
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A cork carrying the test thermometer is used to close the jar.
The D test method determines the cloud point in a shorter period of time than manual method D During this period, the sample is continuously illuminated by a light source. The Olive Oil Source. The wax also accumulates on cold surfaces producing, for example, pipeline or heat exchanger fouling and forms an emulsion with water. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. An array of optical detectors continuously monitor the sample for the first appearance of a cloud of wax crystals.
Glycols demonstrating this c2500 are known as “cloud-point glycols” and are used as shale inhibitors. Results are reported with a temperature resolution of 0. Archived from the original on The thermometer bulb is positioned to rest at the bottom of the jar. The entire test subject is then placed in a constant temperature cooling bath on top of a gasket to prevent excessive cooling.
The wax crystals typically first form at the lower circumferential wall with the appearance of a whitish or milky cloud. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Therefore, cloud point indicates the tendency of the oil to plug adtm or small orifices at cold operating temperatures.
The cloud point is affected by salinitybeing generally lower in more saline fluids.
This behavior is characteristic of non-ionic surfactants containing polyoxyethylene chains, which exhibit reverse solubility versus temperature behavior in water and therefore “cloud out” at some point as the temperature is raised. Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references. In these conditions, olive oil begins to develop white, waxy clumps of solidified oil that sink to the bottom of the container. It uses automatic apparatus and has been found to be equivalent to test method D The cloud point is the temperature just above where these crystals first appear.
The temperature at which the first appearance of wax crystals is detected in the sample is determined to be the cloud point. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. The test sample is first poured into a test jar to a level approximately half full. In crude or heavy oils, cloud point is synonymous with wax appearance temperature WAT and wax precipitation temperature WPT.
Successively lower temperature cooling baths may be used depending on the cloud point. Less operator time is required to run the test using this automatic method.
An everyday example of cloud point can be seen in olive oil stored in cold weather. This article needs additional citations for verification.
ASTM D – 17a Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 5 Octoberat Retrieved from ” https: Additionally, no external chiller bath or refrigeration unit is needed.
Lower temperature cooling bath must have temperature stability not less than 1. The presence of solidified waxes thickens the oil and clogs fuel filters and injectors in engines.