Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians has 51 ratings and 0 reviews. Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers of. Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians by Ibn Taymiyyah, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Ibn Taymiyya, Against the Greek Logicians Introduction and translation by Wael B . Hallaq Oxford: Clarendon Press, Iviii + p. Show all authors.

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But it has become clear to me that much in their views on logic is the source of their errors in metaphysics, such as their theory of quiddities being composed of attributes they call essential; their discourse about confining the means of acquiring knowledge to the definitions, syllogisms, and demonstrations they have expounded; their theory of definition by means of which concepts are formed; and agaist theory of the forms of the syllogism and their apodictic subject-matter.

More specifically, the distinction is determined by one’s own intention maqsad as well as the language lafz that one uses to classify and categorize these things. The former 2 involves the explication of 2 See an almost identical statement about the use of definition in Maqdisi, al-Bad’ wal-Ta’rikh, i.

Having observed that two equal parts of one thing constitute two halves, the mind, upon observing the recurrence of this phenomenon in a number of qualitatively different particulars, will form the generalization that one is half of two.

See also al-Radd, 6 1 – 2. The rest is mostly a theological attack levelled against philosophers, speculative theologians, and other groups. What we taymiyta question, however, is the fact that he was intimately familiar with a significant bulk of philosophical discourse.

A more readily identifiable source of influence is the polemical writings of the theologians, who, like Ibn Taymiyya, had earlier stood in defence of Islam against the ‘Greek heresies’.

Ibn Taymiyya seems to have thought that, once abstracted, these propositions become virtually axiomatic in the mind, and are not susceptible to refutation. Each argument was thought to carry an independent weight, and therefore the more arguments that were adduced the stronger the case against logic became. Description The introduction of Greek philosophy into agajnst Muslim world left an indelible mark on Islamic intellectual history.


The sparseness of primary sources renders difficult the task of See Ritter’s introduction to Nawbakhtl’s Firaq al-Shi’a, pp. Admittedly, 1 26 Cf. Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers of medieval Islam, held Greek logic responsible for the “heretical” metaphysical conclusions reached by Islamic philosophers, theologians, mystics, and others.

See Naqd al- Mantiq,where Ibn Taymiyya rephrases the argument.

Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians

Ibn Taymiyya’s opponents and his refutation of the logicians; sources of the critique; Ibn Taymiyya’s discourse; the Arabic texts; notes on the translation. If he knows both, he will form a concept of ‘man’ without a definition. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use for details see www. Want to Read Currently Reading Read.

Request removal from index. Athar rated it it was amazing Jun 15, If logicins were one, it would be conceivable that the agent would create a human who was not an animal. The purpose of a definition in either case is to clarify only the nominatum as well as to draw a distinction between ggeek definiendum and other things, but not to form a concept of the definiendum.

The Best Books of But existence may attach to the essence either in the mind or in the external world. Doubtless, Ibn Taymiyya approached the problem with an intellectual framework of his own, one that derived from, and was squarely based upon, his own notions of empiricism.

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. The essence is that without which a thing having this essence can never be an object of our apprehension.

The uniqueness of the olgicians simply precludes the universal, which is common to many, from existing externally.

His argument is grounded in an empirical approach that in many respects prefigures the philosophies of the British empiricists.

His argument that in such syllogisms there is nothing in the conclusion that is not already found in the premisses cannot, strictly speaking, be interpreted as meaning that a petitio principii is involved in these syllogisms, although, admittedly, a case for circularity can be made. Closely related to, if not part of, this criticism is an argument urged against the famous logical doctrine, first stated by Aristotle, that the premisses of the syllogism must ultimately originate in truths that are necessary and indemonstrable.


Adil Elsaeed rated it it was amazing May 23, He had to vindicate his claim, and he did so by writing two treatises of his own in refutation of logic, namely, al-Qawl al-Mushriq and Sawn al-Mantiq. Iii li Introduction to no small extent were his own—he modestly thought to have come down from the salaf.

Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians by أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن تيمية

Space, Time, and Stuff Frank Arntzenius. All non-primary judgements are acquired by means of inferences, ranging from syllogism agajnst analogy. The number of Ibn Taymeeyah’s teachers exceeds two hundred. According to this criticism, 37 attributes are neither essential nor accidental in themselves, but can be so categorized according to our particular view of, and subjective interest in, them. Even the most obvious of things, such as the term ‘man’ and its definition ‘a rational animal’, are countered with well-known objections.

Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians – Wael B. Hallaq – Oxford University Press

The dozens of published tomes and tracts he wrote on or against theology, law, mysticism, and countless other subjects betray a strict nominalist approach.

His methodology and epistemology—which partly derived from the then prevalent theological and legal doctrines, but See Sections 3 and 4 of Part I, above. Now see Ziai, Knowledge and Illumination, 41 ff.

Loigcians principles belong to the former, while empirical propositions belong to the latter.

See Ibn Taymiyya, al-Radd, Blackness is in itself a colour, not due to another factor rendering it a colour; that which caused it to be blackness caused it first to be a colour. However, Aristotelian metaphysics gave rise to doctrines about God and the universe that were found highly objectionable by a number of Muslim theologians, among whom the fourteenth-century scholar Ibn Taymiyya stood foremost.

What is interesting is not only the resemblance between the Taymiyyan and the British criticism, but the distinctly empiricist bent common to both.